Dr Juergen Reinhardt, lecturer in the Geology Department collaborated with the CIECT team to design and develop an online catalogue of minerals. The Minerals In Thin Sections (MINTS) site – is a database catalogue of various minerals. Hence students will be able to access an alphabetical list of minerals. Each mineral has a scientific description of its nature, accompanied by photographs of thin slices through the minerals, under varying light spectra. The included image provides an example page, of a mineral’s physical properties; and how it is identified.
**It should be noted that Dr Reinhardt is also teaming with stakeholders at other institutions, namely: Universität Bonn, Germany, University of KwaZulu-Natal and Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany.
Contact the CIECT team to effectively design and develop online environments for student development.
Lecturers, Jo-Celene de Jongh and Nico Nortje, (Occupational Therapy, UWC) in collaboration with lecturer Lea Brandt (University of Missouri’s School of Medicine), have jointly taught the Ethics and Professional for Health Care module, making use of the iKamva institutional Learning Management System (LMS).
This collaborative blended learning module was designed and developed making use of iKamva since 2016. A CIECT Instructional Designer met with the UWC lecturers in order to effectively plan and discuss the design, structure and use of related eTools for this module. This collaborative module hosts students from the Occupational Therapy Department, UWC as well as students from the University of Missouri.
Structured online module
The Ethics module is structured into ten (10) sessions which focuses on the specific topics/content related to the discipline. Making use of the Lessons eToolwithin iKamva, each session has been organised into an introduction, pre-reading material and the related lecture.
Pre-recorded lecture videos embedded in content
The lectures were pre-recorded and embedded within each Lesson Page. The lecture videos were recorded at the CIECT Digital Media Studio, which required advanced and careful planning by both lecturers and CIECT staff. The Digital Media team engaged in post-production editing to prepare the lectures for the online environment.
Students were required to access and engage with the learning content and the specific assessment activities. The Assignment eTool was selected for students to complete and submit their reflective tasks online.
Digital Stories [Group Assignments]
Students also had to organise themselves into groups of five and work together in order to produce a short video (digital story) related to an ethical issue. The completed assessment (submission of a digital story) also had to be submitted into the Assignment eTool.
**This structure and design of the module, focuses on the cognitive and social constructivist approach. This theoretical perspective lends itself to individuals engaging in critical thinking as well as interactive engagement with peers, in order to ensure learning takes place (Powell & Kalina, 2009).
Please contact the CIECT team to assist with the effective design and development of your online environment and the further explore the possibilities that exist.
Lecturer, Michael Morris conducts a yearly Entrepreneurship Empowerment in South Africa (EESA) Programme, in collaboration with a number of universities in the United States. This year (2018), the six-week blended learning programme includes 26/twenty-six students from institutions such as Texas A&M University, University of Florida and University of Colorado; and 22/twenty-two students from UWC.
“This is an intense program where our joint mission is to make a meaningful contribution to the ventures of historically disadvantaged South African entrepreneurs” (EESA, 2018).
The program aims to equip students with an understanding of the challenges and barriers small business owners face in the South African context. In addition, students will be equipped with practical skills in order to address these challenges, as they will be expected to engage in regular ‘consulting interventions’ with assigned entrepreneurs or small-business owners for the duration of the course. These consultations focus on advising the entrepreneurs or ‘clients’ with a business model in order to give them a competitive advantage and further create long-term value for the business.
All students are assigned into teams, enabling students to develop communication and teamwork skills; reinforce content by discussion and to create a community of practice. Each team is assigned 2 ‘clients’ who they will assist with further developing their business or enterprise. Hence, students will need to work together in order to develop creative solutions to problems and challenges faced by their assigned clients.
All students – engage with eTools within the iKamva platform. The CIECT team creates iKamva accounts for the American students to ensure access. Students are able to access and download multimedia resources, which have been structured according to weekly topics.
In addition, the lecturer and students have the opportunity for effective communication using asynchronous eTools, namely Discussion Forum and Announcements.
Information Systems lecturer, Fazlyn Petersen made use of various eTools within the iKamva platform to supplement teaching-and-learning practices (IFS 361, Semester 1). The online environment includes:
The Discussion Forum eTool was used to set up various topics enabling students to post responses to questions. These include questions such as ‘What impact did competition have on your strategy? Did it cause you to make changes? If not, why not?’ This particular question received 308 responses from students; while other topics also received over 200 responses. These topics were aligned to assignments and coursework, allowing peer-engagement; as well student-lecturer communication.
The Chat Room eTool was used to communicate in real-time to reinforce peer-engagement; and clarify individual and group assignments.
Structured learning material
Students were provided with assessment resources, videos, revision notes, lecture notes/slides (structured into weeks), and reference material in order to thoroughly prepare for lectures; assignments; and examinations. The structured learning material, within the Course Resources eTool allows for flexible accessibility.
Embedded simulation to make learning fun
The lecturer embedded a business video game simulation (view screenshot below). This innovative teaching practice provides students with the opportunity to enjoy their learning experience; and obtain the required knowledge.
Please contact the CIECT team to assist with the effective design and development of your online environment and the further explore the possibilities that exist.
Lecturer, Asgari Khan has utilised a blending learning approach to cater for the different learning styles of her students.
The module includes a variety of digital media components, as well as weekly formative assessments and class tests to engage students, and prepare them for examinations. Students are able to view resources, peruse relevant videos and download the learning material from iKamva for offline access.
The Announcements eTool was used in order to communicate important information to students relating to examination preparation, lecture material, assessment results and consultations. In addition, the students were able to prepare for the upcoming examinations with revision questions, which were attached to the announcements.
Furthermore, the lecturer organised a range of learning resources for the students. The Course Resources eTool was well-organised into a number of sections including:Administration, Class Test, Homework, Lectures, PowerPoints, Tutorials, & YouTube Videos. Students were given weekly homework tasks to submit before coming to class, and were sent weekly reminders regarding the submission of these homework tasks. Students were also informed regarding topics and activities to expect for the upcoming week.
YouTube and Social Media to reinforce learning
The lecturer used social media to support facilitation. A WhatsApp group was created in order to assist students with exam preparation. The group was only available for a limited time prior to the examination, and students were provided with a link to join. The WhatsApp group included the lecturer as well as Tutors. Students were encouraged to use this space in order to pose any questions or concerns they have regarding module content and the examination. The use of a WhatsApp group can be highly beneficial in an educational setting, as it makes use of real-time communication to facilitate learning and resolve any learning difficulties the student may have.
In addition, the lecturer used the YouTube platform to create a channel and upload videos for students, aligned to topics covered in this module. This gave the students the opportunity to engage with the content in a variety of ways; and to reinforce learning. In addition, the lecturer’s channel assists students who struggle to grasp the concepts and topics discussed in the classroom.
Lecturers are encouraged to attend and commit to the design workshops, hosted by the CIECT team. It is important for lecturers to focus on the effective design and development of interactive online environments; and not mere dissemination of notes and lecture slides.
Lecturer, Ronel Koch has created a blended learning environment to supplement teaching and learning practices for TML 301 students. This3rd-year module focuses primarily on the teaching of Life Orientation as a learning area, offered in the Senior Phase of schooling. The module delves into various critical factors that influence Life Orientation teaching and learning. Hence, this online environment focuses on teaching approaches; lesson plans; curriculum development; and assessment strategies.
The lecturer makes use of eAssessment, Communication, Survey and Course Resources eTools to supplement the face-to-face instruction.
Test & Quizzes
Students received a number of weekly tasks, which they were expected to complete and submit via the Tests & Quizzes eTool on iKamva. These tasks included a variety of question types such as Short-answer/Essays and Multiple Choice questions. Weekly tasks such as these can assist students in reflecting on topics discussed during face-to-face lessons, and also to aid the lecturer in keeping track of students’ progressregarding the course content.
The Announcement tool allows lecturers to communicate important information to the students regarding coursework and other related matters. The lecturers are able to post a variety of messages to the students on the iKamva platform, which is sent to their student email inbox. Announcements from the lecturer included the following:
- Student opportunities to earn formal credits,
- Funding regarding the opportunities,
- Scheduled test, venues and times, and
- Cancellation of lectures.
In addition, the lecturer sent out a Google Form (embedded within the Announcement tool). The students were expected to complete this form/survey, which the lecturer then used to adjust her teaching style in order to accommodate the needs of the students.
A variety of material was uploaded for students to access via the Course Resources. Students were able to view and download learning material, enabling offline access for study purposes. These included the course outline, weekly lecture material, information relating to the examination; and the Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement (CAPS) documents for Life Orientation Teachers/Educators.
Lecturers are encouraged to attend and commit to the design workshops, hosted by the CIECT team.**It is important for lecturers to focus on the effective design and development of interactive online environments; and not mere dissemination of notes and lecture slides.
Lecturer, Gasant Gamiet is currently engaged in an interactive online environment with Education students (BEd Honours 707). The module objectives focus on the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to enhance teaching and learning practices in the classroom. Furthermore, the teacher-educators are able to apply ICTs within their specific disciplines.
In order to supplement the objectives and aims, the lecturer has incorporated a blended approach by making use of various eTools within the iKamva platform.
Using the Lessons eTool, the lecturer clearly planned, designed and scaffolded semester tasks and various components aligned to each section/week. These sections/weeks are linked to student tasks, group discussions, practical sessions and websites. Hence, students are able to: plan in advance; effectively prepareand complete tasks. Furthermore the structured online design can promote student engagement and motivation.
In addition, the Discussion Forum eTool was used to discuss a specific topic; and to enable students to engage with their peers. Students posted a conversation and the lecturer and students were able to argue; and elaborate on their opinions. This allows for an extended classroom and potentially to improve and personalise learning. The Discussion Forum enables formal and informal learning, as students gain valuable learning experiences in different social settings.
The Assignments eTool was also used for the purpose of “distributing and collecting” three (3) homework tasks, three (3) assignments and the final examination. Students were expected to complete these tasks, assignments and examination. These formative and summative assessment tasks are hosted within iKamva (serves as a repository); allowing lecturers to mark online and offline. Students are able to submit tasks regardless of space or time. This is especially important for working professionals (teacher-educators).
Lecturers are encouraged to attend and commit to the design workshops, hosted by the CIECT team. **It is important for lecturers to focus on the effective design and development of interactive online environments; and not mere dissemination of notes and lecture slides.
Lecturer, Lydia Uys is currently making use of the iKamva platform to supplement a year module, for Accounting 2nd year students. The online module consists of two lectures per week encompassing both a theoretical and practical lecture. The lecturer has adopted a blended teaching and learning approach. Hence, the lectures are supported by a range of online interventions, namely: the creation of screencasts aligned to practical assignments; the reinforcement of content; assessment; communication; and resource distribution.
Creation of screencasts aligned to practical assignments
The lecturer makes an effort to create screencasts aligned to each practical assignment.
Reinforcement: Previous question papers
Students are provided with past question papers and memorandums, enabling them to test their knowledge – by completing previous questions and comparing their answers.
**These resources aim to reinforce content taught and to ensure that learning outcomes are met as well as to prepare students for formative and summative assessments.
Students are expected to engage in formative online assessments. During Semester 1, the students completed a number of six (6) online tests.
**The iKamva platform allows for a range of question types; which assists in the effective design of online tests and aims to assist in acquiring higher order thinking and problem solving skills.
The Announcements eTool is used extensively for communication related to: study material; assignments; test venues and test results.
**Announcements are sent directly to students email accounts which enables lecturers and students to avoid confusion and provide transparency in the classroom; which is critical in order to promote a productive and effective course delivery.
The lecturer distributes a variety of resources, structured within the Course Resources eTool, Admin, Assessment, Theory, Practical and Chapters. These are shared and clearly organised – allowing students to navigate resources with ease. These folders consist of relevant learning materials, such as videos, class notes, manuals and solutions.
Lecturers are encouraged to attend and commit to the design workshops, hosted by the CIECT team.
**It is important for lecturers to focus on the effective design and development of interactive online environments; and not mere dissemination of notes and lecture slides.
Dentistry lecturer, Dherendra Dhaya has made use of a blended online environment to support learning and teaching practices for his 4th year Oral Medicine and Periodontology (OMP 400) students.
Various assessment activities are set-up online for students to engage in. These assessment activities include submission of assignments and online tests. Theresults of these assessments are linked to the Gradebook where all marks are recorded and can be adjusted accordingly and downloaded into one spreadsheet. The online environment further enables students to access and download relevant learning material; view important announcements, as well as keep track of submission dates via the Calendar eTool.
Online Assessment activities
The assignments are related to Oral Medication Case studies and students were expected to submit written assignments (Word format), including a reference list as well as their PDF Turnitin plagiarism report.
Two online tests were conducted which related to various topics such as: Periodontitis and smoking, gingival disease, and pathogenesis. These tests made use of varied question types such as Multiple-Choice, Short Answer/Essay, and True/False questions. In addition, the questions were drawn from a pre-createdQuestion Pool. The question pool allows for randomisation of questions, ensuring that the test differs slightly from one student to the next in order to prevent academic dishonesty.
Furthermore, an anonymous 5 minute survey was created. This allowed students to give feedback regarding the learning value of the assessment; and if it actually allowed for better understanding of the course content. The survey also posed a question asking where students took the test (at home, on campus, hostel etc.); and what students preferences are in relation to the venue when doing an online test. Students’ feedback and concerns are important in this regard, as infrastructure and internet access can be a concern for some students. Hence the lecturer is able to take this information and prepare accordingly, depending on the needs of the students.
Gradebook for monitoring student marks
The Gradebook tool has been extensively used by Dr Dhaya in order to record, calculate and distribute marks to students. The categories included in the OMP 400 Gradebook course are: Assignments, Tests, Final Examination, and Clinical Skills. By organising the Gradebook into various categories, the lecturer is able to provide weighting for each assessment or activity, and thus makes it possible to auto-calculate an overall course grade.
Students are only able to view their own grades for the course. Furthermore, the lecturer is able to restrict which grades will be visible to students, such as those pertaining to the final examination. Students are further able to monitor their own progress, plan and prepare accordingly for assessments using the Gradebook.
As all marks can be recorded in the Gradebook (even for offline activities), lecturers can export the marks into a spreadsheet, which can be further captured within the institutional Marks Administration System (MAS).
Please contact the CIECT team to assist with the effective design and development of your blended online environment and the further explore the possibilities that exist.
Lecturer Mahmoud Patel [Module Coordinator, English for Educational Development (EED)], has incorporated the use of ePortfolios for teaching-and-learning purposes, specifically for Law students. He contacted the CIECT team to assist with the implementation phases of this large-scale student development project (conceptualisation to delivery). In addition, the students received the necessary training and actively engaged in the delivery of nineteen (19) ePortfolio workshops.
The CIECT team collaborated with Mahmoud to design and develop an ePortfolio template, according to the specific needs of the course. This predefined template contained a specific structure, with relevant sections and sub-sections. Furthermore, the template was used to mass-generate ePortfolios for a large group (between 500-600 students). This predefined structure enabled students to embed documents and images related to discipline specific tasks. It also simplified the evaluation process for the lecturer and tutors; and conformity was ensured across all ePortfolios.
The ePortfolio is currently being used for formative assessment purposes; and the monitoring-and-tracking of students’ development and competencies over a period of time. The ePortfolio also allows students to reflect on their progress and take ownership of their learning.
The tutors within the programme are able to continuously monitor and assess their specific groups of students; and advise with regards to submissions.
The CIECT team planned in advance for this large-scale student project, which included logistics related to venues and tutoring time-slots. The Computer Lab was booked in advance for a 3 week period.
ePortfolio student workshops entailed:
- Access and view structure – main-pages: Introduction, Lecture tasks, Tutorial tasks, Assessments and Self-initiated pieces;
- Insert content and text:
o Embed multimedia components,
o Share links,
o Embed evidence from Google Drive, and
o Share ePortfolio with tutors.
**It should be noted that lecturers within the Dentistry, Dietetics, Social Work, and Pharmacy Departments have also made use of ePortfolio development for their respective students across year levels.
Please contact the CIECT team to assist with the effective design and development of ePortfolios for teaching-and-learning.